Overview Of The Causes And Treatments Of Sinus Infection

Friday 23 May 2014 @ 10:27 am

A general understanding about the likely causes of sinus infections and knowing the signs and symptoms of sinusitis would be very helpful for avoiding and preventing as well as treating sinus infections.

There are many possible causes of sinus infections which are neither bacterial nor viral. However, most sinus problems occurred when there is common cold which sometimes we call it viral influenza. Usually, this brings about nasal congestion which restricts the flowing of the mucus leading to the inflammation of the nasal membrances resulting sinus infection. Therefore, when common cold has been healed within a short period of few days to a week, it has caused the inflammation of the sinus and hence, sinus infection is inflicted.

At times, sinus infection can be caused by poor quality environment and condition when there are excessive dust particles, pollen or irritants. The allergy towards these irritants causes the building up of the mucus and when there is too much of the mucus which becomes thick, nasal congestion takes place causing the eventual sinus infection. For asthma patients, the likelihood of catching sinus infection is much higher due to the swollen nasal polyps inside the nose.

Besides, certain activities in the outdoor are causing some people to experience sinus problems. Scuba diving and traveling by plane are known to be such causes for sinus infection due to the pressure on the sinus. Other times, some side effects of some medications may bring about congestion in the nasal passage leading to nasal congestion. Likewise, it has been widely known that sinus infections can also happen whenever we are stressed. To prove the point, one such condition known as vasomotor rhinitis shows that stress does cause excessive swelling and mucus production. Although very rare, you can get a sinus infection from disease teeth because the maxillary sinus in the cheekbone becomes infected by the root of a diseased upper tooth.

There are many kinds of treatments for sinus infections. However, it is important to know the underlying causes of sinus problems that lead to sinus pains such as headaches.

For conventional sinus infection medicine, there are antibiotics, antihistamines, decongestants, leokitrienes and mucolytics as well as steriods. Whereas if you are looking for effective home remedies to treat sinus infection, there are methods using nasal saline irrigation and steam inhalation.

For best effectiveness, antihistamines are used if sinus infection is caused by an allegy. Other times, decongestants are being recommended for relieving of nasal congestion, nasal pressure and nasal swelling by reducing blood flow to the membrances that in turn will improve air flow, lessen breathing through the mouth, decrease pressure in the sinus and head as well as ease discomfort.

Leokotrienes are anti-inflammatory prescription drugs that are used to prevent inflammation in the airway and sinus cavities. It has been proven useful in helping patients who have sinus infections due to asthma. The side effects associated with this drug include dryness of the nasal passages, headaches, bleeding, crusting, upset stomach and skin rashes. The doctor may also recommend the use of mucolytics. This is also used in treating cough because it destroys or dissolves mucus which makes it difficult for the person to breathe. These are available in tablet or liquid form. You can also inhale it when this is placed inside a nebulizer.

In using home remedies to combat sinus infection at home, one well known way is by steam inhalation. This method is by taking in steam from a vaporizer or a container of hot water that can provide immediate relief by decongestioning the blockage.of nasal passage so that the mucus can flow out of the sinus cavity. The other well known method in home remedies is by nasal saline irrigatrion. This is a commonly used method by sinus sufferers to clear and flush out the thick mucus from the sinus cavities by saline solution using a sinus irrigator

Treatment of sinus infections differ according to the types of sinus infections and the possible casuses these infections. In the many diversed ways to treat sinus infections, we would recommend and review the best medicine for sinus infection so that the treatment for sinus infection is effective.

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